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A Succulent Care Guide

What is a succulent?

Succulents are plants with thick leaves that store water. This adaptation evolved as a way to live in areas with little rainfall. Succulents are a popular choice for houseplant enthusiasts as they stay compact, come in a beautiful array of colors and shapes, and are great for beginners. Some popular succulents include echeveria, haworthia, jade, kalanchoe, and sedums.

Here’s a simple guide to keep those succulents thriving:



  • Succulents love sunlight. Place them in a location where they can get at least 6 hours of light a day. This may be a south or west facing window in your house.
  • Some succulents thrive in direct sun, and can even be brought outside for the summer. Others are more sensitive to browning or burned leaves and do best with indirect sunlight.
  • Light changes with the time of day and the season. Be mindful of intense afternoon sun, especially in the summer, as it can scorch the leaves. A sheer curtain or shades can help filter the light.


  • The #1 rule: water sparingly. Allow the soil to dry out completely between waterings.
  • Water more in the growing season (spring and summer) and reduce watering in the dormant season (fall and winter).
  • Water the soil directly, avoiding the leaves to prevent damage.


  • Well-draining soil is a must. Use a specialized cactus or succulent mix or amend regular potting soil with sand or perlite. We carry Espoma Succulent and Cactus Mix, which has added sand to improve drainage.
  • Ensure the pot has drainage holes to prevent waterlogging.
organic cactus mix


  • Choose a pot with drainage holes to prevent water from accumulating at the bottom.
  • Succulents prefer a slightly cramped space, so don’t use a pot that’s too large. We recommend choosing a pot that is only one to two inches larger than its current home when repotting.


  • Most succulents prefer temperatures between 60-75°F.
  • Protect your succulents from drafty doorways and windows. Be mindful if you place them near heaters or fans that may dry out the soil faster and throw off the temperature.


  • Feed your succulents with a balanced, diluted fertilizer during the spring and summer. We recommend Espoma’s Succulent and Cactus fertilizer, which can be mixed into your watering can prior to watering.


  • Trim leggy or dead growth to encourage a compact and tidy appearance.
  • Remove any debris or fallen leaves to prevent pests and diseases.


  • Keep an eye out for common pests like aphids and spider mites.
  • If you notice any pests, gently wipe the leaves with a damp cloth or use insecticidal soap.

Remember, each succulent variety may have slightly different preferences, so it’s good to research the specific needs of your plants. Enjoy your succulent parenting!

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